Ioanna Kakoulli

A photo of Ioanna Kakoulli
E-mail: Phone: (310) 794-49 Office: Fowler A410

Professor, Department of Materials Science and Engineering; Acting Director, Stavros Niarchos Foundation Center for the Study of Hellenic Culture; Co-Director, Molecular and Nano Archaeology Lab

Fields of Interest: Archaeological Materials from the Macro to the Micro and the Nano, Forensic Analytical Imaging & Conservation, Materials Science, Archaeomimetism and Archaeoinspired Materials, Hellenistic and Roman Painting, Technology and Synthesis of Pigments, Materials Reverse Engineering Processing and Diagenesis


  • DPhil, Archaeological Materials Science, University of Oxford, 1999


  • Cheung, K. A., Xie, N., Yao, Z., Fischer, C., Muros, V., Prikhodko, S., Kakoulli, I., 2014.’Materials Analysis’, In book Temple of the Night Sun:  A Royal Tomb at El Diablo, Guatemala, eds. Houston, S., Newman, S., Román-Ramírez, E.R., Garrison, T., Precolumbia Mesoweb Press, 2015, San Francisco.
  • Kakoulli, I., Prikhodko, S.V., King, A., Fischer, C., ‘Earliest evidence for asbestos composites linked to Byzantine wall paintings production’, Journal of Archaeological Science 44, (2014) 148-153.
  • Prikhodko S., RambaldiD. C., MurosV., BurrE., KakoulliI., ‘Interfaced SEM and micro-Raman Spectroscopy for the Analysis of Dye Chromophores in a Single Fiber’, Microscopy & Microanalysis 20. S03 (2014). doi: 10.1017/S1431927614011775.
  • Radpour R., Bajwa N., Garritano J, Sung S., Balonis-Sant M., Tewari P., Grundfest W., Kakoulli I., Taylor, Z., ‘THz imaging studies of painted samples to guide cultural heritage investigations at the Enkleistra of St. Neophytos in Paphos, Cyprus’ SPIE Optics + Photonics Proceedings (Submitted September 2014). Proc. SPIE 9199, Terahertz Emitters, Receivers, and Applications V, 91990Q (September 5, 2014); doi:10.1117/12.2062228.
  • Kakoulli, I., Prikhodko, S.V., Fischer, C., Cilluffo, M., Uribe, M., Bechtel, H.A., Fakra, S.C., Marcus, M.A., ‘Distribution and chemical speciation of arsenic in ancient human hair using synchrotron radiation’, Analytical Chemistry 86, (2013) 521-526.
  • Kakoulli, I., Schilling M., Mazurek J., ‘Chapter Seven. The Murals of the Panagia Phorbiotissa: A technical examination’, in book Asinou Across Time: Studies in the Architecture and Murals of the Panagia Phorbiotissa, Cyprus, eds. Annemarie Carr and Andréas Nicolaïdès, Dumbarton Oaks, Harvard University Press, (2013) 313-360.
  • Balonis-Sant, M., Ma, X., Kakoulli, I., ‘Preliminary Results on Biomimetic Methods Based on Soluble Ammonium Phosphate Precursors for the Consolidation of Archaeological Wall Paintings’, Archaeological Chemistry VIII, American Chemical Society, (2013) 419-447.
  • Cheung, K., A., Xie, N., Yao, Z., Houston, S., Newman, S., Román-Ramírez, E.R., Garrison, T.,Fischer, C., Muros, V., Prikhodko, S., Kakoulli, I. “Analysis of Samples Excavated from a Royal Tomb in El Zotz: Application of Materials Science Characterization Techniques in Archaeology”, In: Archaeological Chemistry VIII, Ruth Ann Armitage and James Burton (Eds.), American Chemical Society, (2013) 397-418.
  • Kakoulli I., Fischer C., Weerasinghe J., Thanthilage A., ‘Mission Report on the Conservation of the Wall paintings at Sigiriya’, World Heritage Site, UNESCO Expert Mission Reports, 2011.
  • Kakoulli, I. and Fischer C., ‘The Techniques and Materials of the Wall Paintings at the Enkleistra of St. Neophytos’.  Research Project Grant Reports, Dumbarton Oaks 2012 (Electronic Publication).
  • Kakoulli I. and Fischer C., “Byzantine Paintings in the Making: A Preliminary Technical Study of the Twelfth Century Wall Paintings in the Enkleistra of St. Neophytos”, In: Enkleistriotika Analekta. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference St. Neophytos Enkleistros, History-Theology-Civilization, Archimandrite Alexios Enkleistriotis (Ed.), Paphos, Cyprus: Ieras Vasilikis kai Stavropigiakis monis Agiou Neophytou, (2011) 437-461.
  • Kakoulli I., ‘Τεχνικές και υλικά ζωγραφικής διακόσμησης της ύστερης κλασικής και της ελληνιστικής περιόδου’, ΑρχαιοΥλικα (ArchaoMaterials) eds. I. Liritzis and N. Zacharias, Kapon Editions, Athens, 2010. [In Greek]
  • Kakoulli I., Fischer C., Prikhodko S., ‘At the interface between materials science, art and archaeology: a multi-scale and multi-analytical approach for the metrology of material culture’, in Works of Art & Conservation Science Today, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece (2010) 1-16.
  • Kakoulli I., Fischer C., and Michaelides D., ‘Painted rock-cut tombs in Cyprus from the Greco-Roman period to Byzantium: material properties, degradation processes and sustainable preservation strategies’, in book, Conservation and The Eastern Mediterranean, The International Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works, London (2010) 96-102.
  • Kakoulli I., Prikhodko S., Fischer C., Bechtel H., Fakra S., Marcus M., ‘Micromorphology and Microchemical Analysis of Ancient Human Skin and Hair’. IMC17, International Microscopy Congress, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 19 – 24 September 2010. Rio de Janeiro, (2010).
  • Kakoulli I., ‘Egyptian blue in Greek painting between 2500 and 50 BC’. In book: From mine to microscope: Advances in the Study of Ancient Technology, Shortland A., Freestone I. and Rehren Th. (eds), Oxbow Books, Oxford (2009) 101-112.
  • Kakoulli I., ‘Intercultural links and trade of painting materials in the Greco-Roman period’, in book: Mural Paintings of the Silk Road: Cultural Exchange of the East and West, Yamauchi K., Taniguchi Y. and Uno T. (eds). Proceedings of the 29th International Symposium on the Conservation and Restoration of Cultural Property, 24-26 January 2006, Tokyo, Japan. Archetype Publications, London (2007) 81-88.
  • Prikhodko S.V., Fischer C., Boytner R., Lozada M. C., Uribe M., Kakoulli I., ‘Applications of variable pressure SEM and Raman spectroscopy for the non-destructive study of bio-specimens from pre-Columbian mummies in the Tarapacá Valley, Northern Chile’, Extended abstract presented in Microscopy & Microanalysis 2007 Meeting, August 5-9, 2007, Microscopy & Microanalysis, Cambridge University Press (2007) 1492-1493.
  • Fischer C. and Kakoulli I., ‘Multispectral and hyperspectral imaging technologies in conservation: current research and potential applications’, Reviews in Conservation 7 (2006) 3-16.
  • De Angelis, R., Cassar J., Kakoulli, I., Colombini M. P, ‘Oil Painting on Stone: a case study on original technique and deterioration of an early 20th century painting by Giuseppe Cali in Malta’, in book: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress on Deterioration and Conservation of Stone, Stockholm (2004), 793-800.
  • Taniguchi Y., Shimadzu Y., Kakoulli I. and Giovannoni S., “Conservation of Globigerina limestone monument in Malta (II): surface protective treatment with ammonium oxalate”. In book: Proceedings of the 25th annual conference of Japan Society of Conservation for Cultural Property, Kyoto Zokei University (2003).
  • Kakoulli I., ‘Scientific Investigations of three Graeco-Roman painted stone slabs’, in Book: Nécropolis 1, Études Alexandrines 5, Institute Français D’Archéologie Orientale, Cairo, (2001) 215-224.
  • Kakoulli I., Kottaridou A., and Minos N., ‘Materials and technologies of Ancient Monumental Paintings: methodology and analysis of the painted throne from the ‘Tomb of Eurydice’, Vergina, in Proceedings from the III Archaeometry Symposium, Athens 6-9 November 1996, (2001) 261-274.
  • Kakoulli I., ‘Roman wall paintings: a scientific investigation of their technology’, in Book: Roman Wall Paintings: Materials, Techniques, Analysis and Conservation. Proceedings of the International Workshop on Fribourg 7-9 March 1996. Université de Fribourg. Institut de minéralogie et pétrographie (1997) 131-141.


  • 2014: Nomination for postdoctoral mentorship award.
  • 2013: Appointed Associate Editor for the International Encyclopedia of archaeological Sciences, Wiley Publishers.
  • 2011-Present: Member of the Board of Trustees of the Cyprus American Archaeological Institute (CAARI).
  • 2011: Visiting Fellow at ICCROM, Rome Italy (between January and March 2011).
  • 2010: Member of the US State Department Scientific Delegation to Italy (Rome) for the signing of a bilateral agreement on Research and Technology.
  • 2009: Member of the US State Department Scientific Delegation to Cyprus (Nicosia) for the signing of a bilateral agreement on Research and Technology.
  • 1998: A.G. Leventis Foundation. Special Research Award.
  • 1997: A.G. Leventis Foundation. Educational Award for Research at High Academic Level.
  • 1997: Overseas Research Award (ORS).
  • 1997: British School at Athens. Research Award.